How to Get Rid of Swollen Gums

Your gums are the building block that all your teeth are situated in. The soft pink tissues move blood around supporting the ecosystem of your dental health. Are your gums swollen? Red, irritated, sensitive gums can be very annoying. There are several actions you can take to relieve discomfort, and shorten the duration of the swelling.

What causes Swollen Gums?

Swollen gums can often be attributed to gum disease or infection. The root cause of most gum disease is related to hygiene. In gum disease, bacteria and roting food congeal and find their way into your gums. If this material is not removed with brushing, flossing, or mouthwash–the substance can harden forming what is known as plaque. When plaque hardens on the surface of your teeth, it permeates the soft tissues around your teeth and gums. Once the harmful bacteria enters your gum tissue, it begins to destroy and irritate the gums. This leads to redness, bleeding, swelling, tenderness and pain, and potentially discharge. The sooner signs of infection or tooth looseness are addressed, the more likely they are resolved.

The most common causes of gum swelling include-

* Gingivitis- Gingivitis is the most common cause of gum swelling, and the most common gum disease. Symptoms are usually limited to bleeding, tenderness, bad breath, and general discomfort. If symptoms progress, or teeth start feeling loose, you have to see a dentist immediately.

* Periodontitis- Periodontitis is the natural progression of untreated gingivitis, or gum disease. Over time the infection develops and destroys tissue, eventually impacting bone and jaw tissue deep in the gums. Periodontitis will lead to tooth loss and TMJ disorders if not treated promptly.

* Pregnancy- Pregnancy is a wonderful, life changing process, but it is not easy. Pregnant people should regularly see their dentist, because they are more likely to develop gum disease. The immune system is in flux, leading to a higher cause of “allergic” like reactions, namely swollen and irritated gums.

* Infection- As highlighted above, most swollen gums and gum diseases can be linked to gum infection. Gum infection can be linked to hygiene. If gums are not properly cleaned and cared for, bacteria infects and inflames the tissue.

* Malnutrition- In some cases gum swelling and bleeding can be linked to vitamin deficiencies, or poor nutrition. In these cases, meeting with your dentist or a nutritionist may be a helpful solution. Tests will need to be run to ascertain what deficiency is causing the symptoms.

Swollen Gums treatment

At Home Treatment options
1. Brush gently. Even though the gums are tender, brushing and cleaning them often leads to near immediate relief. Be cautious to brush gently in circular motions, do not try to scrub them clean.
2. Floss- Gently guide the floss in between teeth and into hard to reach crevices. Be careful not to over-floss an irritated area. Afterwards either brush or use mouthwash to eliminate bad breath.
3. Mouthwash- You can opt for an alcohol free variety, a no sting variety, or get an antibacterial one prescribed from your dentist.
4. Warm Salt Water- Gentle rinse and swish with warm saltwater to relieve tenderness and irritation.

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